Ethical And Legal

Carl J Johnson By Carl J Johnson, 13th May 2013 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Business>Ethics

Information security is crucial, if we shall maintain some order in the computers. We all want to have teliable and private. Integrity is also very important to every user of information.

Information Security Is Vital

Information security is vital if we shall keep some order in the computers. We all want to have privacy, not least when we make contact with friends and business partners over e-mail or voice-mail. We also need to store documents and files for us, until we want to share them with someone in particular. Thus, information security includes the moral question of when it is acceptable to access data not belonging to oneself.
Let us now look at these categories: Confidentiality, integrity, availability and non-repudiation. I will make an experiment by placing everyone of these elements in an social situation and see what consequences it may have on the information security per se.


We all want to have computing safe and confidential. One may argue that all information should be available, but then there would be no need for security or intellectual property. If an employer wants to see all the e-mail his employee get at work, is this legal? Moreover, is it ethical?
According to Swedish law, there are no rules, which would prohibit the employer from taking part of the information arriving to the company in one way or another. In other words, he or she has the right to monitor all the e-mail coming to employees and leaving the company by their computers. Nevertheless, being legal does not mean that it is also ethical. One could also argue that such a performance would be a violation of confidentiality.
The well known web browser Netscape has with its 4.7 established a quick way to gather information about the user of Netscape Communicator with the new Smart Download. The cookie that Communicator places on the hard disk plays the leading part in this reprehensible game. Netscape uses its cookie in a unlawful way. Information about sites visited and other things stored on the hard disk. As one can imagine, this behaviour is not only illegal, it is also highly dishonest.


Integrity is tremendously essential to every user of information. We all want the information we use or request to be genuine. We want to be sure that the information is exactly how it was when the author wrote it down. We also need the information in the computer to remain untouched of strange hands. We wish that the information we obtain from the Internet shall be quite reliable. Naturally an amendment or modification of content or information is illegal if someone unauthorized tampers with the information. It is also ethically condemnable.


When system services are available when needed, they have a decent availability. When authorized users can get at system resources when they want to, the information system has good availability. Accordingly the system has a good availability as continuation of the integrity.



The sender of a report should not be able to deny having sent the letter if he or she did send it. Nor should it be possible for the sender to claim that the contents of the correspondence received are not the same as what the sender sent. Non-repudiation is vital to electronic communication when it comes to a trading partner's willingness to rely on a communication.


Authorized, Ethical, Legal, Unlawful

Meet the author

author avatar Carl J Johnson
Born in Turku, Finland. Now living Sweden. A criminal defence lawyer for almost 40 years. Now retired. Fond of writing and reading. Spears. Swedish, Finnish, German and English.

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